How Lab Testing is Done
There are many diseases in the world and most of them needs to have tests done in order to make sure that the disease is tested and known so as to get the proper medication and these tests are done in a medical laboratory which is where the tests are done by an expert who takes specimens to get more information about a patient’s health depending on what the diagnosis and this makes it possible to treat or prevent the disease.
Research laboratories mainly focuses on science basic and academic issues and this field is based on several sections which are anatomic and this includes electron microscopy, cytopathology, and histopathology and each of are usually studied differently but as one course.
Tests include diseases such as pathophysiology, pathology, histology, physical, and anatomy and the clinical pathology includes mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology and other fields are endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology,
The field is the genetics which involves the studying of the cytogenetic and the other important field is the reproductive biology which involves assisted productive technology, sperm bank and semen analysis.
Laboratories varies in different institutions and for example in the field of microbiology various health centres use a single laboratory for doing microbiology and in others there are separate units for each kind of test and the laboratory equipment for doing haematology tests and the urinalysis is usually in all the laboratories.
Each unit of the laboratory has microbiology, parasitology, virology, haematology, coagulation, clinical biochemist, toxicology, serology and immunology, immunohematology, urinalysis, histopathology, cytopathology, electron microscopy, genetics, cytogenetic and surgical pathology.
Microbiology is where all specimens that comprise of synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, faeces and swabs and any imaginable infected tissues and the method they use is cultures where by the suspected pathogens if they are found may be identified by using the tests which are biochemical.
Samples of faeces and parasites are examined to get evidence of any existing intestinal parasites which include hookworms and tapeworms and there is virology which is a field that identifies the viruses in diverse viruses which include cerebrospinal fluid urine and blood.
Haematology involves both working of all blood and the full blood counts, as well as the blood films and including other special tests and the coagulation needs the samples of the citrated blood to do the analysis of clotting blood and the coagulation factors.