Forms of Vaccine Support Designs
Vaccine support is a very fragile unit in medication as it involves the study of illness characteristics and how to come up with a cure of the disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. For a vaccine to be effective it must have so crucial characteristics such as the ability to fight the harmful elements in the body cells and not harm other cells that are not affected by the virus or bacterium without altering their functionality. Also when designing a vaccine varying considerations should be taken such as how compatible the vaccine is with other related ailments and the region in the world it will be used.
There are five main categories of vaccines which are: attenuated vaccine, toxic vaccine, conjugate vaccine, inactive vaccine and subunit vaccine which are discussed broadly below. Live, attenuated vaccine is a type of vaccine that is developed in the laboratory where the real microbe is weakened to a level that is not harmful to the body. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. For the purpose of gaining more insight on how to develop a more effective medicine to fight the microbe in the various diseases with the first aim to targeting on knowing the amount of antibodies the body can produce to protect itself from a microbe and designing drugs that would heal one after taking a few doses. Diseases that are healed or controlled through such vaccine are chickenpox, rotavirus, measles, mumps, rubella, smallpox and yellow fever.
The second form of support vaccine is the toxic vaccine that emanates from harmful chemicals from bacteria those secret toxins. The bacteria toxin becomes the main cause of illness. It has been learnt from scientific findings that inactive toxins can be treated with formalin, a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water as vaccine. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
During the development of conjugate vaccine the scientists link the antigens or toxoids to a microbe and the immune system to distinguish the polysaccharides to the immature immune system such as of young ones to react to polysaccharide coating and protect the cells against bacterium’s. A sugar molecules coat a bacterium that disguises the bacterium antigens for the immune system of an infant not to react to them is referred to as polysaccharides.